Friday, June 27, 2008

What TCP/IP Networking is?

Hello friends in this post i am going to tell you about the most important part of any Computer Networking that is TCP/IP Networking.Here in this post we will see what is TCP/IP networking,how it works and many other things related to it.

First of all to understand the TCP/IP networking we have to understand the TCP/IP protocol.In the simplest word we can say that TCP/IP protocol is the basic communication language or protocol of the Internet.TCP/IP protocol is also used as a communications protocol in a private network either an intranet or extranet.Whenever you tried to access internet a TCP/IP program copy is provided to your computer just as every other computer so that you can send messages or get information from also has a copy of TCP/IP.Now come to our issue TCP/IP networking is a two layer program.
The higher layer that is the Transmission control protocol layer manages the assembling of a message or file into smaller packets that are transmitted over the Internet and received by a TCP layer that reassembles the packets into the original message.The lower layer, Internet Protocol, handles the address part of each packet so that it gets to the right destination.TCP/IP networking uses the client server model of communication in which a computer user (a client) requests and is provided a service (such as sending a Web page) by another computer (a server) in the network.It is also said that TCP/IP communication is a point to point communication that means from one point(host computer) in the network to the other point(host computer).
TCP/IP and the higher-level applications that use it are collectively said to be "stateless" because each client request is considered a new request unrelated to any previous one.In addition to this TCP/IP protocol also includes the HTTP(Hyper Text Transfer Protocol),FTP(File Transfer Protocol),Telnet for remote login and the SMTP(Simple Mail Transfer Protocol).